The 2009 flu pandemic is a global outbreak of a new strain of influenza virus, Officially named the “NEW H1N1”first identified in april 2009, and commonly called “SWINE FLU”. Experts assume the virus most likely emerged from pigs in Asia and was carried by infected persons.
The H1N1 continued its spread through out India. Monday two people died, and concern acquired a panicky edge in many parts with several schools closed and a 200 sq km area around pandemic epicenter pune shutting down..
All educational institution shall be shut down till august in pune, and while malls shall remain shut for a week, multiplexes and cinema halls shall be closed for the next three days, and many schools across the country were closed too.
Thirteen people in the state tested positive for swine flu on Saturday, bringing the total number of people who have contacted the disease to 81, including five patients from mangalore. As many as 140 patients, with symptoms of H1N1 were screened on Saturday and throatsswabs of 45 people were collected for analysis.
Origin and symptom:
The novel influenza (H1N1) flu virus is causing illness in Mexico and the United States in March and April 2009, and the countries around the world. CDC expects that illness may continue for some time. As a result, people around may become ill. If so it needs to recognize the symptoms and know what to do.
The symptoms of novel influenza in people are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu and including fever, cough, and sore throat, stuffy nose, body ache, head ache, chills and fatigue. A significant number of people who have been infected also have reported diarrhea and vomiting. The high risk groups for novel H1N1 are not known however it may be the same as for seasonal influenza.
If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care.
In children, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- Fast breathing or trouble breathing
- Bluish or gray skin color
- Not drinking enough fluids
- Severe or persistent vomiting
- Not waking up or not interacting
- Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
- Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Sudden dizziness
- Severe or persistent vomiting
- Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough.
Take care of yourself, your family and of course your community:
- Stay informed.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water especially after you caugh or sneeze.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs spread this way.
- Try to avoid close contact with sick people.If you are sick with a flu-like illness stay at home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick.
- If you are sick and sharing a common space with other household members in your home, wear a facemask, if available and tolerable, to help prevent spreading the virus to others.
- Follow public health advice regarding school closures, avoiding crowds, and other social distancing measures.
There are two influenza antiviral medications that are recommended for use against novel H1N1 flu. The drugs that are used for treating novel H1N1 flu are called oseltamivir (trade name Tami flu ®) and zanamivir (Relenza ®). As the novel H1N1 flu spreads, these antiviral drugs may become in short supply. Therefore, the drugs may be given first to those people who have been hospitalized or are at high risk of severe illness from flu. The drugs work best if given within 2 days of becoming ill, but may be given later if illness is severe or for those at a high risk for complications.
– Pavana santhosh.